tlmgr failed due to a system reboot

Philip Taylor P.Taylor at Hellenic-Institute.Uk
Sat Sep 25 14:50:56 CEST 2021

Devon Ge wrote:

>    Just now I used `tlmgr update --all` to update my packages. During 
> the updating process, my PC got a blue screen (Yes, Windows 10 
> operating system) and rebooted itself. Now I type "tlmgr update --all" 
> and it failed.
> Here is the error message: First directive needs to be 'name', not  at 
> C:/texlive/2021/tlpkg/TeXLive/ line 104, <TMP> line 1.
>  Is it possible to fix this? or do I need to re-installed the iso file?

I suspect that it has left a temporary file which is confusing it. I 
don't have a Windows 10 system (thank G0d) but I do have a Windows 
Server 2019 system which shares much of the same codebase.  I find on my 
WS-2019 system that if I launch a CMD prompt and then type "Set" 
(without the string quotes), it offers a list of all known environment 
variables.  Two of mine are TEMP and TMP, both of which expand to


If I were you, I would look in wherever TEMP and/or TMP expand to for 
files created today, and delete any/all that might be TeX-Live related.  
It would almost certainly do no harm to empty the director{y|ies} 
completely, since you won't be allowed to delete any files that are 
currently open.  Then try again.
/Philip Taylor/
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